Bernardine, also called the dog Saint. Bernardine is a breed that was bred by Swiss monks. Initially, they were adapted to perform the function of a draft dog, but also had a purely social role (dog-companion).
Facts and fiction
In popular culture, the image of St. Bernard Popping the mountain drifts in search of missing persons. A small barrel of rum attached to the neck served to warm up the cold unlucky ones who had strayed from the trail. However, this is an unconfirmed legend. The most famous Bernardine was a dog named Barry, who saved (according to various reports) less than one hundred people imprisoned in snowdrifts. It has its monument, which stands in the Museum of Natural History in Brno, Czech Republic.
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Bernardines belong to the largest dogs – the heaviest individuals had a weight of up to 140 kg, and on average weigh between 70 and 120 kg. Their height at the withers reaches between 70 and 90 cm. Their large size makes it recommended that these dogs hide from a puppy. It is much easier to control the young Bernardine, which allows us to avoid unpleasant manifestations of insubordination in the future. Lack of obedience from a hundred-kilogram dog can end in disaster.
Innumerable distrust of strangers makes them dogs with guarding functions, although due to their size they are not the most agile. Their respect is more the result of the gloominess and size than the actual manifestations of aggression and defence of the territory. Bernardines are also famous for their intelligence, in addition to dimensions. They are controlled, they do not fight fiercely for territory (although they can defend a man when he is in danger). They are obedient and very loyal. They also live well with children and other animals – mainly because they tolerate children’s taunts without major problems and do not react with growling. They also have a relatively high pain threshold.
This breed, due to its adaptation, cannot tolerate high temperatures, therefore it is inadvisable to breed these dogs in flats and in warmer geographical zones. Dogs require long walks and frequent contact with fresh air. Their extremely dense coat is naturally adapted to contact with water and adverse weather conditions. Covered with a natural protective layer of fat provides insulation from the environment. It is not recommended to bathe them too often, as this may result in the cleaning of the protective layer. Dirty coat can be easily brushed, because dirt also does not penetrate deeply and does not irritate their skin. The large jaw and loosely falling lips make the dog drool quite intensively. Not only at the sight of food, but also in a situation of overheating. This is another reason why dogs should walk a lot in the air.